Tiếng Việt English  
Home Our People Experiences Associations Contact us
Fair use, fair dealing or also known as “cases of use of published works where permission and payment of royalties and/or remunerations are not required” under the copyright legislation of Vietnam
(Ngày đăng: 2019-12-25)

Fair use, fair dealing or also known as “cases of use of published works where permission and payment of royalties and/or remunerations are not required” under the copyright legislation of Vietnam

Email: vinh@bross.vn

 

Limitations and exceptions to copyright infringement

 

Limitations and exceptions to copyright infringement are a legal principle available in international law for the purpose of protecting the right of public access to information. This legal principle is asserted in the TRIPs Agreement, stating that Member States shall confine limitations or exceptions to exclusive rights to certain special cases which do not conflict with the normal exploitation of the work and do not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the right holder[1]

 

As a member of the TRIPs Agreement, Vietnam transplanted and transposed such limitations and exceptions to copyright infringement into Articles 25 & 26 of its IP Law. Accordingly, the act of making copies or using copies by individuals or organizations of the literary artistic scientific works as legally published in some special cases under certain conditions is not considered as copyright infringement even though author or copyright owner do not agrees

 

The fact that a third party (an individuals or organization), without the author or copyright holder’s consent, uses or reproduces a published work in some certain situations, will not be deemed as having infringed upon copyright but he or she is required to pay royalties or remuneration to the author or copyright holder. This circumstance is provided for in Article 26 of the Intellectual Property Law, which is alternatively referred to as limitations to copyright infringement[2].

 

Exceptions to copyright infringement, or fair use, or cases of use of published works where permission and payment of royalties and/or remunerations are not required

 

Unlike the limitations to copyright infringement under Article 26 above, exceptions to copyright infringement is set forth in Article 25 of the Intellectual Property Law under the title “cases of use of published works where permission and payment of royalties and/or remunerations are not required”. By Article 25, to be considered an exception to the exclusive right, all of the six conditions as follows must be satisfied:

 

  1. The work being copied or used by a third party must be the published work; and
  2. The work being copied or used shall not include any of three types of work: cinematographic works, or plastic works, or software and computer programs; and
  3. Use or reproduction is permitted only in conjunction with the 10 cases described in Article 25 (upon reallocation only 7 cases, namely: (i) self-duplication of works by the user for scientific research or teaching purpose, reproduction by libraries for archival and research purpose; (ii) quoting works for commentary, writing newspaper and teaching; (iii) performing dramatic works or other performance arts without collecting any charges in any form; (iv) audiovisual recording of a performance for teaching or reporting; (v) photographing or televising plastic art, architectural, photographic, applied-art works displayed photography or television of visual, architectural, photography, applied art works be displayed at public places for purpose of presenting images of such works; (vi) transcription of works into Braille or characters of other languages for the blind; and (vii) importing a copy of the work of other for one’s own use; and
  4. Copy or use of the above works must not conflict with the normal exploitation of the work; and
  5. Copy or use of the above works must not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the right holder; and
  6. Copy or use of the above works must attribute author's name, source and origin of the work.

 

The 6-conditions too long and complicated as mentioned above originally stem from a three-step test, which is derived from Article 9(2) of the Berne Convention, saying that the reproduction of such

Works shall not copyright infringement if all of the three steps are met: (a) such copying is permitted only in special cases that are clearly indicated by national law; and (b) such copy does not conflict with the normal exploitation of the work; and (c) such copying does not cause unreasonable harm to the legitimate interests of the author[3].

 

Bross & Partners has intensive experience in assisting clients in defending against allegations of copyright infringement, related rights including a recent pending lawsuit where the client was claimed a damage amount of USD 1.5 million. Should you have specific needs, please contact: vinh@bross.vn; cellphone 84-903 287 057, 84-4-3555 3466; Wechat: wxid_56evtn82p2vf22; Skype: vinh.bross

 

Bross & Partners, a renowned and qualified Patent, Design, Trademark and Copyright agent of Vietnam, constantly ranked and recommended by the Managing Intellectual Property (MIP), World Trademark Review (WTR), Legal 500 Asia Pacific, AsiaLaw Profiles, Asia IP and Asian Legal Business, is providing clients all over the world with the reliable, affordable contentious and non-contentious IP services including enforcement, anti-counterfeiting,  litigation regarding trademark, trade name, industrial design, patent, copyright and domain name.

 



[1] See Article 13 The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs Agreement)

[2] In other words, the user of a published work is waived by the law from his obligating to obtain permission from the copyright holder but he or she is still forced to pay remuneration to the right holder. See more our earlier article “10 types of exclusive rights ascribing to copyright and forcible limitations to the copyright holder’s enforcement of those exclusive rights”: http://bross.vn/newsletter/ip-news-update/10-types-of-exclusive-rights-ascribing-to-copyright--and-forcible-limitations-to-the-copyright-holder%E2%80%99s-enforcement-of-those-exclusive-rights

[3] View more our earlier article regarding the three-step test titled “Is the three-step test as a fair use against copyright or related right infringement claim forgotten in Vietnam”: http://bross.vn/newsletter/ip-news-update/IS-THE-THREESTEP-TEST-AS-DISMISSAL-OR-APPROVAL-OF-FAIR-USE-DEFENSE-AGAINST-COPYRIGHT-OR-RELATED-RIGHTS-INFRINGEMENT-CLAIM-FORGOTTEN-IN-VIETNAM

 

 

Bookmark and Share
Relatednews
Google thua kiện 9 tỷ đô la Mỹ trong vụ xâm phạm quyền tác giả đối với giao diện tương tác phần mềm (Java APIs) của Oracle
“Tác phẩm được thuê làm“ hay còn gọi là “Work made for hire“ theo luật bản quyền Hoa Kỳ và cảnh báo doanh nghiệp Việt Nam hay sử dụng điều khoản “tác phẩm được thuê làm“ trong hợp đồng lao động hoặc hợp đồng thầu khoán
Basic understanding of the US copyright concept “work made for hire“ and warning of legal risks around “work made for hire“ clause transplanted into labor contract or commission agreement by Vietnamese companies
Sao chép, sử dụng và phân phối giáo trình vì mục đích học tập có được xem là “sử dụng hợp lý” để được miễn trách nhiệm xâm phạm quyền tác giả hay không ?
“Sử dụng hợp lý” hay còn gọi là “Fair Use” hoặc “Sử dụng tác phẩm đã công bố không phải xin phép không phải trả thù lao” theo luật Việt Nam
10 types of exclusive rights ascribing to copyright and forcible limitations to the copyright holder’s enforcement of those exclusive rights
10 loại quyền độc quyền gắn liền với quyền tác giả và giới hạn pháp lý ngăn cản chủ thể quyền tác giả thực thi các quyền độc quyền đó
Bài thuyết trình do luật sư Vinh trình bày ngày 16/12/2019 trước Hội Sở hữu trí tuệ và Cục Sở hữu trí tuệ với chủ đề “không bảo hộ riêng” hay còn gọi là “disclaimer statement” liên quan đến nhãn hiệu ở Việt Nam và Hoa Kỳ
Fake goods and counterfeit trademark goods under the laws of Vietnam
Hàng giả và hàng hóa giả mạo sở hữu trí tuệ ở Việt Nam

Newsletter
Guidelines
Doing business in Vietnam
Intellectual Property in Vietnam
International Registrations
Copyright © Bross & Partners All rights reserved.

         
Cửa thép vân gỗcua thep van go